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Lying in the northmost of Henan Province, Anyang connects three provinces namely Shanxi, Hebei and Henan with the Taihang Mountain Range in its west, the Zhanghe River in its north and the North China Plain in the southeast. Anyang is a famous cultural city with a history of more than 7,000 years. The caves of the primitive man of the Little South Sea in the western part of Anyang are the relics of the Old Stone Age 25,000 years ago. Over 7,000 stone tools used by the primitive men and some animal fossils have been unearthed. All of these won it the fame of the Little South Sea Culture. About 4,000 years ago, the two kings, Zhuan Xu and Di Ku, who stayed in power for more than 70 years separately and won the worship of the Chinese people, set up their capitals in Anyang. Today, in the area of the South Sanyang Village of Huangxian County are the tombs of the two kings.

Pangeng, King of the Shang Dynasty (17th- 11th century BC), moved his capital to Yin (today's Xiaotun Village) in the 14th century BC. This is the first stable capital in the Chinese history. In the past century, over 150,000 oracle bones with inscriptions, tens of thousands of bronze wares and 54 relics of the old palaces were unearthed. Areas of the palace, of the imperial tombs, of the civilians, relics of the bronze production, handicraft workshops and large sized sacrificial sites were found, among which the most famous one was the Simuwu Rectangle Ding weighing 875 kilograms. It is the biggest and heaviest bronze vessel up to now.

Belonging to the typical monsoon zone, Anyang has a pleasant climate with an average annual temperature of 14.9°C. It is warm in spring and autumn, hot in summer and cold and dry in winter. 

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