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With a history of over 3,000 years, Chongqing is a famous city for its splendid culture and honorable revolutionary tradition. The Jialing River, which was once called the Yushui River, won Chongqing the short name of Yu. Thanks to its geographic location and abundant natural resources, Chongqing has been the center of politics, economy and military in the Bayu region since the ancient times. It is also an important transportation pivot and port of the inner river area in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.

Being a famous comprehensive industrial city and the most technologically advanced city in the southwest of China, Chongqing was once the city directly under the jurisdiction of the provincial government. On March 14, 1997, Chongqing was approved to be the fourth municipality of China in the Fifth Session of the Eighth Meeting of the National People's Congress. It is the only municipality in the hinterland of middle and west China.

Surrounded by rivers and mountains, Chongqing has a hot and humid climate and is called the capital of fog. With part of the Three Gorges in its territory, Chongqing is a famous tourist spot in China. 

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