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Luzhou, called Jiangyang in ancient times, is situated in the south of Sichuan Province, and its downtown is located where the Tuojiang River and the Yangtze River meet. Jiangyang has a history of more than 2,130 years since it was established as a prefecture in 135BC. It has all along been a distributing center of materials in the bordering area of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces, and an important supplementary to the economic centers in South Sichuan and China's southwestern areas.

The time-honored Luzhou City is a Chinese historical and cultural city. The more than two thousand years of history left over many cultural relics and historic sites and memory places with heroic anti-imperialism and anti-feudalism stories. For instance, the Cliffside stone statues on Yuchan Mountain present vivid expressions and postures, the Bao'en Tower is full of the Tang Dynasty (618-907) architectural characteristics, the Spring and Autumn Ancestral Temple contains the essence of carvings in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Camphol Bridge is famous for refined stone carvings, magnificent outlook and particular layout, and the Luzhou Ancient Vault built in the Wanli reign of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) is famed far and wide across the globe. Besides, the revolutionary sites include the Ancient Battlefield at the Cotton Slope, the Memorial Hall of Zhu De, the former site of headquarters where Marshal Liu Bocheng commanded the Lushun Uprising, and so on. All of these are listed as cultural relics sites under the state, province or city-level protection.

The whole city is within the sub-tropical humid climate zone, and its southern mountainous area features distinct three-dimensional climate. Luzhou has a long frost-free period and distinct monsoonal climate with warm spring and autumn, torrid summer and moderately cold winter.

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