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China, (People's Republic of China), is situated in eastern Asia, bounded by the Pacific in the east. The third largest country in the world, next to Canada and Russia, it has an area of 9.6 million square kilometers, or one-fifteenth of the world's land mass. It begins from the confluence of the Heilong and Wusuli rivers (135 degrees and 5 minutes east longitude) in the east to the Pamirs west of Wuqia County in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (73 degrees and 40 minutes east longitude) in the west, about 5,200 kilometers apart; and from the midstream of the Heilong River north of Mohe (53 degrees and 31 minutes north latitude) in the north to the southernmost island Zengmu'ansha in the South China Sea (4 degrees and 15 minutes north latitude), about 5,500 kilometers apart.

The border stretches over 22,000 kilometers on land and the coastline extends well over 18,000 kilometers, washed by the waters of the Bohai, the Huanghai, the East China and the South China seas. The Bohai Sea is the inland sea of China.

There are 6,536 islands larger than 500 square meters, the largest is Taiwan, with a total area of about 36,000 square kilometers, and the second, Hainan. The South China Sea Islands are the southernmost island group of China.

China isn't a country - it's a different world. Unless you have a couple of years and unlimited patience, it's best to follow a loose itinerary here, such as following the Silk Road, sailing down the Yangzi River, or exploring the Dr Seuss landscape of Guangxi Province.

From shop-till-you-drop metropolises to the epic grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China is a land of cultural and geographic schisms. It's not that it has completely done away with its Maoist past - it's more that the yin of revolutionary zeal is being balanced by the yang of economic pragmatism. 

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Covering an area of 15,561square kilometers, Kunming, the capital city of Yunnan Province, is the center of politics, economy, culture, transportation and communication in the province. Endowed with many historical relics, Kunming is an international tourist city in the Southeast Asia as well as the South Asia.
Langzhong is located in the middle reaches of the Jialing River, north of Sichuan Province. The county lies in the west bank of the Jialing River with mountains in four sides and rivers in three sides. For 2,000 years, it is the throat of the south of the Shudao (the road of Sichuan).
Leizhou City, located in the central part of the Leizhou Peninsula at the southernmost end of Chinese mainland, faces the Leizhou Bay to the east, neighbors the Beibu Gulf to the west, borders Zhanjiang City and Suixi County to the north, and neighbors Xuwen County to the south.
Leshan, called Jiazhou in ancient times, lies at the confluence of three rivers -- the Dadu, the Qingyi and the Minjiang. As one of the most culturally developed areas in Sichuan, Leshan is now a national level historical and cultural city.
Lhasa, with a history of 1,300 years, is the capital city of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Located at the north of the Lhasa River, which is a branch of the zigzag Yarlung Zangbo River, Lhasa is 3,650 meters above sea level.
Located on the West Shandong Plain and the bank of the ancient canal, Liaocheng is a city of military importance with a long history. The location and geography of the ancient Liaocheng city moat is shaped like a phoenix, so the city is also called the Phoenix City.
Located in the northwest of Yunnan Province and the middle reaches of the Jinsha River, Lijiang got its name because of the beautiful Jinsha River. On the junction of the Tibetan Plateau and the Yungui Plateau, Lijiang has under its jurisdiction the Naxi Autonomous Prefecture, Yongsheng County, Huaping County and the Ninglang Yi Autonomous Prefecture.
Linhai City, under the jurisdiction of Taizhou, is situated in the central part of Zhejiang Province, bordering Ningbo City to the north, Jinhua City to the west, Wenzhou City to the south and facing the China East Sea to the east. The city has a land area of 2,203 square kilometers and a sea area of 1,819 square kilometers.
Liuzhou, also known as the Dragon City or the Pot City, is one of Chinese historical and cultural cities and also an important industrial city in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Located in the central plain of China, Luoyang City is the pivot of the Chinese economic strategy that connects the East and the West. As the gateway for entering China's Mid-West, it faces the Yellow River in the north and backs against onto Luoshui River in the south.
Luzhou, called Jiangyang in ancient times, is situated in the south of Sichuan Province, and its downtown is located where the Tuojiang River and the Yangtze River meet. Jiangyang has a history of more than 2,130 years since it was established as a prefecture in 135BC.
Meizhou City is located in the northeast of Guangdong Province, adjoins to Wuping, Shanghang, Yongding and Pinghe counties in Fujian Province to the northeast, connects with Xunwu County in Jiangxi Province to the northwest,
Nanchang, the capital city of Jiangxi Province, lies in the lower reaches of the Hanjiang River and the Fuhe River, and faces the Boyang Lake. There are lots of of mountains, hills and plains within its border. Nanchang is a time-honored city with revolutionary traditions in southern China.
Nanjing, an ancient metropolis of six different dynasties, is a city of mountains, waters and green trees. Called Ning for short and Jinling in ancient times, Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province, situated in the western part.
Lying in the southwest of Henan Province, Nanyang is a famous historical and cultural city. Ever since the primitive time, the Nanshao Ape-man started to inhabit here. Nanyang was the iron smelting and founding center of the nation in the Warring States Period (475-221BC), and one of the six capitals of China in the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD).
Called Xin'an in ancient times, Quzhou is located in the west of Zhejiang Province in the upper reaches of the Qiantangjiang River. It is a 1,800-year-old city of military importance south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The city established in the Tang dynasty (618-907) has long been known as the thoroughfare to the four provinces, namely Fujian, Jiangxi, Anhui and Zhejiang.
Qufu, the Oriental Holy City, is a famous city best known as the hometown of Confucius (551-479BC), a famous philosopher, educator, and the creator of Confucianism in ancient China. The city is also the birthplace of another great thinker and educator Mencius (372-289BC). Therefore, Qufu is listed as one of China's first group of historical cultural cities.
Situated on the coast of the East China Sea and with Taiwan in view from across the Straits, Quanzhou is the hometown of many overseas Chinese and Taiwan compatriots. Covering a land area of 11,015 square kilometers, it has under its jurisdiction Licheng County, Fengze County, Luojiang County, Jinjiang County, Shishi County, Nan'an County, Hui'An County, Anxi County, Yongchun County, Dehua County, Jinmen County (to be unified) and Xiaocuo Zone.
Qixian is located in the central part of the Jinzhong Basin, on the east bank of the Fenhe River, and at the northern piedmont of Taiyue Mountain. The county seat of Qixian is 57 kilometers from Taiyuan City.
Qiongshan City is located in the north of the Hainan Island, neighbors Wenchang City to the east, borders Ding'an County to the south, connects with Chengmai County to the west and faces the Qiongzhou Channel to the north. Fucheng Town, the seat of the city government, is a national level historical and cultural city, and enjoys the reputation of the Paradise in Qiongshan.
Qingdao City is located at the southwestern tip of the Shandong Peninsular, and borders the Yellow Sea on the east and south. Under its jurisdiction there are seven districts and five county-level cities. Qingdao is a beautiful coastal city and is reputed as the Bright Pearl in the Huanghai River, and the Oriental Switzerland.
Some 100 kilometers away from Taiyuan, Pingyao is situated in the middle of Shanxi Province. The State Council proclaimed Pingyao as a historical and cultural city in 1986. Now, there are altogether 3 key cultural relics sites under state level protection, three under provincial level protection and 90 under county level protection.
Ningbo, located in the middle of China's coastline and the southeast flank of the Yangtze River Delta, is a beautiful port city with rich cultural heritage and abundant resources. It is the birthplace of the Hemudu Culture dating back to 7,000 years. Since the Tang and Song dynasties (618-1279), Ningbo has always been an important foreign trading port in China.
Called Hu for short, Shanghai is one of the most important industrial areas and foreign trading port. It is located at the 31°14' of the north latitude and the 121°29' of the east longitude, under the direct jurisdiction of the central government.
Lying in the easternmost of Henan Province, Shangqiu is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese people.
With a 6,000-year-old history, Xuzhou was called Pengcheng in ancient times. It is the oldest city in Jiangsu Province, as 2,500 years ago Yao set up the Kingdom of Dapengshi at the site here. Xuzhou was one of the nine divisions of China in the period of the Great Yu in the Xia Dynasty (21st -17th century BC).
Called Jiangzhou in ancient times, Xinjiang County, located in the southwest of Shanxi Province and the southwest edge of the Linfen Basin, leans on Luliang Mountain to the north and the Emei Mountain Range to the south, with Fen and Hui rivers running across it.
Lying in the hinterland of Shaanxi Province, Xianyang City has the Weishui River cutting through its south, leans on Zongshan Mountain, and borders the provincial capital city, Xi'an, to the south, and Gansu Province to the north.
Lying in the northwest of Hubei Province and middle reaches of the Hanshui River, Xiangfan is a historical and cultural city with a history of 2,800 years. It was once the connecting point of seven provinces.
Once known as Chang'an, Xi'an is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of Shaanxi Province, with its jurisdiction over five counties including Chang'an County. Located in the middle of the Central Plains of the Yellow River Basin, Xi'an stands between Qinling Mountain to the north and the Weihe River to the south.
Located in the east part of the Hexi Corridor in the west of Gansu Province, Wuwei has Qilian Mountains to its south, the Tengger Desert to its northeast, the Lianguliang Valley to its east, the Gobi of Yongchang County to its west, and the Beisha River, boundary line with Yongchang County and Minqin County, to its north. It is the earliest developed place with the largest area, largest population and the most prosperous economy in the Hexi Corridor Region.
One of the six top cities of China, Wuhan is the capital of Hubei Province and the center of Central China in terms of industry, finance, business, science and education. It has under its jurisdiction nine districts, two suburb areas and two counties with a land area of 8,467 square kilometers and a population of 7.28 million.
The Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County is located in the south of the Dali Bai Autonomous Region in the west of Yunnan Province. Lying in the upper section of Ailao Mountain and Wuliang Mountain, Weishan is more than 54 kilometers from Kunming, the provincial capital of Yunnan, and 54 kilometers from Dali City, the seat of the prefectural government. It has under its jurisdiction nine villages, two towns and 82 village offices.
Lying in the southeast of Qinghai Province, Tongren County borders Xiahe County of Gansu Province to the east, Guide County to the west, Zeku County to the south and Xuanhua and Jianzha counties to the south, and is 181 kilometers from Xining City, the capital city of Qinghai Province. It has under its jurisdiction two counties, ten villages and 75 hamlets.
Lying in the southeast of Gansu Province, the city of Tianshui is the second largest city in and the city directly under the province. Today, the city has become a major city that focuses on tourism and processing, and the center of economy, culture and commerce, and the transportation pivot in the southeast of Gansu.
The biggest open city in the coastal area of North China, Tianjin wins itself the name of the Pearl of the Bohai Sea.
In the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of the Taihu Lake lies the 2500-year-old city of Suzhou, the cradle of Wu culture. It takes up an area of 8,488 square kilometers with a population of 5.75 million people.
Lying in the transitional zone of hills between the Jianghan Plain and the Central Plains, Suizhou is a city of military importance in the north of Hubei Province.
With ancient names of Shouchun, Shouyang and Shouzhou, Shouxian is located in the middle of Anhui Province and the south bank of the Huaihe River, with 32 towns and villages under its jurisdiction.
Shigatse, an ancient city with a history of over 600 years, is interpreted as the Manor of Gratification in Tibetan.
Shenxian is in the middle of the tourist route of Hangzhou, the Qiandao Lake, Huangshan Mountain and Jiuhua Mountain. It has the Huihang and Tunwu Roads converging and the Anhui-Jiangxi Railway running through.
Shenyang lies in the middle of Liaoning Province, south of Northeast China. With hills grouped in the southeast, Shenyan is a flat land of plains. The slope of the terrain is from northeast to southwest, with the alluvion of the Liaohe and the Hunhe rivers. It has many rivers like the Liaohe River, the Hunhe River, the Beisha River, the Xinkai River and the Nanyun River running through.
Located in the northern part of Zhejiang Province and south of the Hangzhou Bay, Shaoxing is a famous historical and cultural city with beautiful sceneries of rivers and lakes. The city has a long history which fostered many celebrities.
Situated in the middle of the Loess Plateau in Northern Shanxi Province, Yan'an faces the Yellow River and adjoins Shanxi Province to the east and Gansu Province to the west. Rich tourism resources can be found in Yan'an, such as key historic site under national protection ...
Yangzhou, a famous city since ancient times, is situated in the eastern part of the plain of the Middle-Lower Yangtze Plain as well as the middle of Jiangsu Province.
Passing by valleys, mountains and joining with thousands of small rivers, the Jinsha River rushes down from the Tibetan Plateau into the south of the Sichuan Basin, with the Minjiang River from the north converged, forming the great Yangtze River. Lying in the confluence of the Jinsha River and the Minjiang River, Yibin wins the fame of the First City of the Yangtze River because it is located at the top of the river.
In the golden sea-like expanse of the Loess Plateau in the northwest of China stands a large and fertile oasis, Ningxia, the lush southern-typed fields in the north of the Great Wall.
Yueyang, a bright pearl beside the Dongting Lake, is an important historical and cultural city in the Yangtze River valley.
Lying in the middle of the Hexi Corridor, Zhangye is a key commercial city on the ancient Silk Road. With a time-honored history, splendid culture and abundant materials, Zhangye is also called Ganzhou and reputed as the Golden Zhangye.
Also known as Tuocheng, Yulin lies in the northernmost on Shaanxi Province and the junction of the Loess Plateau and the Mu Us Desert. It has a vast land with various forms, such as mountains, rivers and deserts.
Lying in the south of Fujian Province and the lower reaches of the Jiulong River, Zhangzhou was proclaimed as a historical and cultural city by the State council in 1986. Zhangzhou is a transportation pivot in the Fujian and Guangdong area. The Yingtan-Xiamen Railway connects many other cities all over the country. The road network in the city extends in all directions.
Lying in the midwest of Guangdong Province, Zhaoqing City is one of the birthplaces of aboriginal culture south of the Five Ridges in remote ancient.
Lying at the eastern piedmont of Taihang Mountain, the ancient city of Zhengding is 15 kilometers to the north of Shijiazhuang City, 258 kilometers to the south of Beijing, 350 kilometers to the Tianjin New Port, and 275 kilometers to the Huanghua Port. With a relatively flat terrain, the county is higher in the northwest and lower in the southeast, and inclines from northwest to southwest.
Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan Province, is an important inland open city of historical and cultural value in China, as well as a growing modern city of trade and commerce in eastern China.
Located in the fertile Yangtze Delta on the south bank of the river's lower reaches in Jiangsu Province, Zhenjiang is a historical and cultural city that combines industries, harbors and tourism. Zhejiang borders Nanjing to its west, Shanghai, Suzhou, Wuxi and Changzhou to its east, and faces Yangzhou to its north on the other side of the river. It has jurisdiction over four counties, namely Danyang, Yangzhong, Dantu and Jurong.
Located in the easternmost of Guizhou Province, Zhenyuan is a famous tourist city in the province. It is in the subtropical climate zone with an average annual temperature of 16.4 °C and a precipitation of 1093.3 mm.
Zhongxiang City is located at the central part of Hubei Province and the upper reaches of the Hanjiang River, covers 4,488 square kilometers, and has a population of 1.05 million. Zhongxiang is an ancient but mystic land, and one of the birthplaces of the Chu culture.
Zibo is a particular industrialized city in the area around the Bohai Sea, the birthplace of the Qi culture, and an open coastal city in the Shandong Peninsula approved by the State Council. It is a famous Capital of Ceramics and Town of Silk, and the hometown of Pu Songling, a great master of short stories.
Lying in the south part of the Sichuan Basin, Zigong is a famous historical and cultural city of China and a place of scenic beauty at the provincial level, winning itself world fame by the Three Rarities, namely the dinosaurs, the salt history and the lantern gathering.
Zoucheng City, originally called as Zouxian, is located in the south of Shandong Province. With a long history and a splendid culture, it is the birthplace of Confucius and Mencius, both of whom are great thinkers and educationists in ancient China. In 1995, it was proclaimed as one of the national historical and cultural cities by the State Council.

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